Without improvements in processing power, data storage, and memory, it would have been impossible to identify and map the thousands of genes that make up the human genome in a single decade. Nor would we have been able to identify the particular genetic mutations that give someone a higher likelihood of developing cancer.

The biology cognate provides you with a solid foundation in the life sciences. Learn about the evolution of organisms, the structure and function of DNA and RNA, and molecular biology. You are introduced to aspects of cell biology, genetics and evolutionary biology through laboratory experiments. 

This path prepares you for careers and advanced education, depending upon your career goals and pursuits. Students interested in graduate school should consider further studies in bioinformatics.

This cognate fulfills the Biology minor.


  • BIOL-L 111 Foundations of Biology: Diversity, Evolution and Ecology
  • BIOL-L 112 Foundations of Biology: Biological Mechanisms
  • BIOL-L 113 Biology Laboratory
  • BIOL-L 211 Molecular Biology
  • Two additional courses at 300/400 level (BIOL-L 311, Genetics, is recommended)